Food production So, for example, hamburger patties in the future can be grown using combinations of bacteria, fungi and cattle cells, and special cells will be able to produce and release insulin into the blood on a signal from the phone. Where did the profession come from Synthetic biology engineer is a profession that evolved from two others: molecular biologist and genetic engineer. The term "synthetic biology" was first used in 1980. So the German biochemist Barbara Hobom reported on a transgenic bacterium obtained thanks to artificially created DNA. Then this phrase was found in scientific papers in the 1990s.
When scientists created a synthetic analogue of the rabies virus RNA. An independent direction of synthetic biology began to take shape from the beginning of the 2000s to solve the problems of Russia WhatsApp Number List designing and assembling biological systems. In 2002, the first fully artificial virus was created . Active growth in this area has been noticeable since 2003 In 2010, synthetic biology engineers created the first artificial bacterium. And in January 2022, for the first time, biologists built a full-fledged model of a living cell, which completely imitates the processes occurring in a real cell. How to Become an Engineer in Synthetic Biology To work in this area, a higher education in Biotechnology or Bioengineering is required.
For example in Russian universities there are the following programs: " Biotechnology " at the Institute of Agricultural Biotechnology RGAU-MSHA them. K.A. Timiryazev in Moscow, " Bioengineering and bioinformatics " at Moscow State University. Lomonosov, " General and Applied Biotechnology " at the Novosibirsk State Agrarian University, " Pharmaceutical Biotechnology " at the Kazan National Research Technological University. You can get into the global community of engineers in the field of synthetic biology while still a student. For example, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology hosts an iGEM competition . A team of up to six people (schoolchildren or students) comes up with a way to teach bacteria something new and implements the project.